In a previous blog we learned about the polymath and Christian mystic Ramon Llull (c.1232–c.1315/16) and his Book of the Order of Chivalry, which became a standard manual for chivalry in the 13th and 14th centuries. In chapter 5, Llull metaphorically links parts of the knight’s equipment with chivalrous virtues.
Here Llull equates the knight’s shield with ‘dignity’:1
The shield is given to the knight to signify the office of a knight. For in the same way the knight puts his shield between him and his enemy, likewise the knight is between the prince and the people. And just as the stroke falls upon the shield which saves the knight, so also the knight place his body in front of his lord when he is in peril, hurt or taken.
Order of Chivalry: Dignity:2
All the virtues can be found here.
- Adapted from:
Llull, Ramon. Caxton, William (trans.). The Book of the Ordre of Chyvalry or Knyghthode. 1484, reprinted Walter J. Johnson, Inc., 1976. ISBN 9022107787. (No page numbers available.)
Here is a modern translation:
Llull, Ramon. Fallows, Noel (trans.). The Book of the Order of Chivalry. Boydell Press, 2013. ISBN 978-1843838494. Amazon. p.69.
- Recorded using this marvelous organ sample set and Hauptwerk. William also plays this piece live.