In a previous blog we learned about the polymath and Christian mystic Ramon Llull (c.1232–c.1315/16) and his Book of the Order of Chivalry, which became a standard manual for chivalry in the 13th and 14th centuries. In chapter 5, Llull metaphorically links parts of the knight’s equipment with chivalrous virtues.
Here Llull equates the knight’s spurs with ‘perseverance’:1
Spurs are given to the knight to signify the perseverance and zeal, because with these two things every knight may maintain his Order in the high honor that belongs to it.
For in the same way that he pricks the horse with the spurs so that it hastens to run, likewise does diligence hastens him to do his duty, and makes him to procure the harness and the provisions that are needful to a knight, to the end that a man not be surprised nor taken suddenly.
The Order of Chivalry: Perseverance:2
All the virtues can be found here.
- Adapted from:
Llull, Ramon. Caxton, William (trans.). The Book of the Ordre of Chyvalry or Knyghthode. 1484, reprinted Walter J. Johnson, Inc., 1976. ISBN 9022107787. (No page numbers available.)
Here is a modern translation:
Llull, Ramon. Fallows, Noel (trans.). The Book of the Order of Chivalry. Boydell Press, 2013. ISBN 978-1843838494. Amazon. p.69.
- Recorded using this marvelous organ sample set and Hauptwerk. William also plays this piece live.