In a previous blog we learned about the polymath and Christian mystic Ramon Llull (c.1232–c.1315/16) and his Book of the Order of Chivalry, which became a standard manual for chivalry in the 13th and 14th centuries. In chapter 5, Llull metaphorically links parts of the knight’s equipment with chivalrous virtues.
Here Llull equates the knight’s spurs with ‘perseverance’:1
Spurs are given to the knight to signify the perseverance, expertise and zeal with which he professes the honor of his Order. For just as with the spurs the knight pricks his horse so that it hurries and runs as swiftly as it can, so perseverance hastens the things that it is fitting to hasten, and expertise makes one guard against being taken by surprise, and zeal yields the harness and provision that are essential for the honor of Chivalry.
The Order of Chivalry: Perseverance:2
All the virtues can be found here.
- Adapted from:
Llull, Ramon. Fallows, Noel (trans.). The Book of the Order of Chivalry. Boydell Press, 2013. ISBN 978-1843838494. Amazon. p.69.
- Recorded using this marvelous organ sample set and Hauptwerk. William also plays this piece live.